Globular Cluster M 10 (NGC 6254)
||Exposure:||V: 5m, I: 5m
|Field of View:||22' x 21'
HoLiCam, 20482 CCD
||Observer:||T. Credner, S. Kohle
© Copyright by the observers
Astronomical Institutes of the University of Bonn
The bright globular cluster M 10 has a distance of 7.6 kpc in the direction of the
With its age of about 17 Gyr it belongs to a population of particular old globular
From Colors to Astrophysics:
In the above color image you can easily distinguish between two major bright stellar
the blue and the brighter orange colored stars.
The latter ones are red giants which exhausted their hydrogen in the cores and are now
burning hydrogen in a shell.
The blue stars are a step ahead in a quite stable phase of helium burning in their cores.
The evolutionary transition between the red giants and the blue "horizontal branch" stars
remains still unclear. This process must take a very short time, because no such
stars in a transition phase could be observed.
Almost no normal hydrogen core burning stars are visible in the above image. They all
evolved to the above described phases. Just the faintest and lowest mass stars
are still burning hydrogen and appear very faint grey in the image.
The above image is a two color composit.
Two exposures were taken with Johnson V and I filters and are represented with the
two complementary colors blue and orange
to show the data in a natural as possible appearing way with the right chromatic order.
Hurley, D.J.C., et al.:1989, AJ 98, 2124
Richtler, T., Galactic and Extragalactic Star Clusters, Lecture Notes, Bonn
This image or former versions of it are already published in:
Picture of the Day, March 12, 1999,
poster at the 1997 meeting of the Astronomische Gesellschaft in
Tom Richtler: Kugelsternhaufen in Galaxien, Sterne und Weltraum [10/96]
the M 10 page
of Hartmut Frommert